Have you noticed how much has changed in recent years when it comes to light bulbs? Traditional light bulbs (incandescent light bulbs) have been a staple in American homes since Thomas Edison first invented them more than 100 years ago, but changes in technology and new regulations have led to a significant shift in the light bulb landscape towards compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs) and light emitting diodes (LEDs). Consumers now have more choices when it comes to picking a light bulb, which also happen to be more efficient and cost-effective and will last much longer than a traditional light bulb.
Back in 2007, Congress passed, and President George W. Bush signed into law, the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA). Backed by strong, bipartisan support, EISA contained a wide range of energy-related provisions aimed at increasing the energy security of the United States. Among these provisions was one that established minimum energy efficiency standards for light bulbs, which would gradually become stricter over time. The first standards required light bulbs to use 25–30 percent less energy (phased in between 2012 and 2014) and a 60 percent reduction target for 2020. Estimates at the time put the potential savings from these standards when fully implemented at more than $12.5 billion, which equates to about $85 per household.
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